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Handbook on Forms of Employment

Handbook on Forms of Employment

cover page for forms of employment

In recent years, many countries have witnessed the emergence and growth of new forms of employment, driven by economic changes, the adoption of new business models, technological advancement, and continuing digitalization. New ways of organising work and production have been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to a further increase in the scale and scope of new forms of employment. These new forms of employment, often characterised by unconventional work relationships and modalities, and the growing number of workers involved in them sparked discussions among policymakers on the development of diverse forms of employment and their potential impact on social protection and working conditions.

To assist statistical offices in producing relevant, coherent and internationally comparable statistics on forms of employment, the Bureau of the Conference of European Statisticians established a Task Force to develop a conceptual framework on forms of employment. The Handbook on Forms of Employment is the result of its efforts. The Handbook presents a broad framework to classify and understand forms of employment. It provides definitions of key concepts, general principles and guidelines as well as a list of key recommended indicators with the goal of facilitating national statistical efforts to classify, measure and track diverse forms of employment relevant to their national context.

To learn more about how to measure forms of employment and understanding their impact, click HERE