As a consequence of road traffic crashes, an estimated 1.35 million people die and more than 50 million people are injured each year on the world’s roads. Most road traffic fatalities and injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries, and there has been no reduction in the number of road traffic fatalities in any low-income country since 2013, according to the World Health Organization. Ethiopia is no exception: according to government statistics, road traffic deaths more than doubled in the 12-year period between 2007 and 2018.
Despite being an important sustainable development issue, road traffic safety is not allocated sufficient funds and institutional arrangements remain inadequate in less developed countries. Recognizing the need to support Member States in urgently addressing road safety challenges, the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety is collaborating with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and the Economic Commission for Europe to initiate road safety performance reviews, for requesting governments. The reviews assist African countries in strengthening their national road safety management capacities and improving their national road safety records.
How exactly does a Road Safety Performance Review work? Following a formal request from the government for the Review, the Review assesses the road safety status of a particular country, helps the Government identify the most critical safety aspects and recommends actions to be taken. Then, when the priority needs have been identified, capacity-building seminars and workshops are organized for national road safety stakeholders. The project thus lays down the core issues that require the urgent attention of political leaders and other stakeholders. It also assists the stakeholders in setting important targets for national road safety strategies and action plans as well as determining specific measures to reach these targets.