The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Romania. The report takes stock of progress made in the governance and management of the environment since the second review in 2012, assesses the implementation of the recommendations of that EPR and makes new recommendations for the country to implement. In addition, the Third EPR looks into developments related to the country’s attainment of relevant targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The review covers legal and policy frameworks and compliance assurance mechanisms. It also focuses on greening the economy, environmental information, monitoring and assessment, environmental democracy and education for sustainable development (ESD). At the domestic–international interface, it includes a substantive analysis of the country’s participation in and commitments to international agreements, as well as its climate change adaptation and mitigation measures. Furthermore, the EPR addresses issues of specific importance to Romania related to air protection, water management, waste and chemicals management and biodiversity and protected areas. Finally, the review includes an assessment of 54 SDG targets, including nine targets being reviewed in several chapters from different perspectives. In some cases, a comprehensive analysis of SDGs and targets is hindered by the lack of data and information.
The publication is aimed at officials and experts working for public authorities responsible for environmental policy, representatives of civil society, the business community, academia and the media.
The Committee and the ECE secretariat are grateful to the Government of Romania and its experts who worked with the international experts and contributed their knowledge and expertise. ECE would also like to express its deep appreciation to the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety and the German Federal Environment Agency for their support by providing funds through the Advisory Assistance Programme for their financial support to this review.
Sincere thanks also go to Hungary and Portugal for having provided their experts to this review. Furthermore, ECE is grateful to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for its support of this review.
In addition, ECE takes this opportunity to thank Austria, Germany and Switzerland for their financial support to the EPR Programme and expresses its deep appreciation to Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro and Switzerland for having provided their experts for the ECE Expert Group on Environmental Performance Reviews, which undertook the expert review of this report.